The Science of Spiciness
The Scoville Scale is a measurement of the spiciness of chile peppers and other spicy foods. Scoville Heat Units (SHU) are based on the concentration of capsaicinoids, which is the class of compounds found in chile peppers. Capsaicin is the major capsaicinoid in chile peppers.
Photo courtesy: www.alimentarium.org
How to Make Peppers Less Hot
It is possible to make hot peppers less spicy. What's the fun in that? If you want to lessen the kick, try soaking your peppers in lemon-lime soda. Seriously. We've never tried this, but check this out for more information. According to Bon Appetít, you can also try soaking them in alcohol (tequila, vodka, whiskey).
Types of Peppers
For a great list of the variety of peppers out there, check out Pepper Scale. Their list of chile peppers is impressive, and they list a full profile for each pepper, including SHUs.
How to Dry Peppers
When you purchase our peppers in bulk, you can easily preserve them by drying them. There are several methods for drying peppers. For example, you can oven dry them or you can air dry your peppers. We prefer to make a ristra and air dry our peppers. Once your peppers are dry, you can make chili salt.
How to Roast Peppers
THE best way to get added flavor from your peppers is to roast them. We prefer to roast them on the grill, but you can roast them in the oven or you can place them directly on the gas flame on your stove.